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Health Issues

As people age, their bodies change in predictable ways and they encounter similar health issues. While some of these health issues are related to natural aging processes, and others are triggered by family heredity, diet and lifestyle choices, how people manage these changes through dietary supplementation are relatively similar. Western science  has indicated that specific health conditions are related to, and can be supported by, certain nutrients. OptimHealth dietary supplements each contain a careful selection of ingredients designed to support specific health issues.

Basic Nutrition

Step one in ensuring optimal health begins with adequate intake of dietary sources of vitamins and minerals. Many vitamins and minerals cannot be created by the body and must be replenished through dietary sources, including supplements. The National Family Health Survey, conducted in India in 2006, showed that 60% of women do not consume fruits at least one time per week. And it is estimated that regular dietary intake for men and women is well below the amounts recommended by India’s Centre for Chronic Disease Control (450-500 grams of fresh seasonal leafy green and colorful vegetables and fresh whole fruits per day).

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Blood Sugar

Normal aging can often affect how easily people absorb glucose (the body’s fuel) into the cells. Cells all have a mechanism for keeping certain things out and allowing others in. Insulin is a chemical that unlocks cells to allow glucose to pass across cell walls, so the body can utilize that energy. If the body becomes less sensitive to insulin, so that it does not unlock the cells, glucose can build up in the blood. Many health issues are related to the build-up of glucose (sugars) in the blood. 

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Stress

Stress is your body’s response to a flight or fight scenario. When you perceive a threat, your nervous system responds by releasing a flood of stress hormones, including adrenaline and cortisol. These hormones tell the body to take emergency action. Your heart pounds faster, muscles tighten, blood pressure rises, breath quickens, and your senses become sharper. These physical changes increase your strength and stamina, speed up reaction time, and enhance focus. All these responses are normal when you are exercising or managing potential dangers. Beyond a certain point, however, stress stops being helpful and begins to lower the quality of your overall health, including your mood and productivity.

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Heart health

Heart health concerns a majority of aging adults, both male and female. Modern diets are often  deficient in the nutrients and fiber that help maintain a healthy heart, and lifestyle choices can also have a substantial negative impact. In addition, aging can slow natural rebuilding processes and put older adults at risk. Heart health is primarily a matter of maintaining natural processes—like inflammation, oxidation of free radicals and LDL cholesterol production—within the normal range. The following sections will help you understand how each of these processes impact heart health. 

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Weight management

People at a healthy weight have a greater chance of living a long, healthy life. Yet, anyone who has encountered a sudden or age-related weight gain knows that calories-in, calories-out isn’t the entire picture. To understand how aging, changes in body composition, gender and body type impact weight management, it helps to understand:

  • Basal Metabolic Rate
  • Thermogenesis
  • Natural aging
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Immune health

The immune system is an integrated system of cells that work throughout the body. These cells have four primary functions. They:

  • Identify threats
  • Evoke an immune response
  • Shorten the duration of the immune challenge
  • Learn to identify the threat in the future

For the first three functions, (identifying the threat, responding to it and shortening duration), speed is essential. A fast immune response reduces the intensity and duration of any health threat. A fast response means less stress build-up, less internal clean-up, and less wasted energy. If the immune system can respond quickly, then it can reduce the impact of the problem on many levels.

The last function also impacts the immune system’s ability to respond effectively to a problem. For example, the better it learns to identify threats, the faster it can summon a response. These four interrelated functions must all work properly in order to protect the body against possible harm. 

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Digestion

While healthy foods provide the foundation of optimal health and vitality, even the healthiest foods are of little use if they are not properly digested. To utilize food, bodies need digestive enzymes. Enzymes break the food down into smaller pieces that can be absorbed and utilized. The process begins with the mouth, as enzymes like amylase join with saliva to break down food. The food then travels to the stomach, where pH changes and stomach acids continue the process. Protein breaks down to amino acids.  Carbohydrates break down to simple sugars like glucose. Fat breaks down to glycerol and fatty acids. These smaller substances are then passed down to the small intestines, where most of the absorption of nutrients occurs. After nutrients are absorbed, waste material travels on to the large intestines to be eliminated.

But what happens to those nutrients after they are absorbed by the small intestines? Those nutrients travel through the blood stream to be used by all the tissues and cells of the body for all vital functions. If proper digestion doesn’t occur, the nutritional deficiencies can be felt throughout the entire body. 

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Nutrition for 50+ Adults

Aging healthily and gracefully requires intake of nutritionally dense foods that give adequate nutrients to fulfill age specific nutritional needs. Physiological factors such as change in body composition, decreased muscle mass, skeletal degeneration, sensory changes etc. can put aging adults at a higher risk of nutritional deficiencies than the younger adults. Reduced food intake and a lack of variety in the foods consumed, along with diminished digestive capacity and absorption, are other reasons that negatively impact the nutritional status in the aging adults. Nutritional deficiencies, if not corrected in time, can affect major organs such as heart, liver, kidney, joints, vision, cognition etc. and can impact lifespan otherwise.

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Joint Health

Cartilage & Joint:

Cartilage is a tough, gel-like material that covers the ends of bones where they meet to form a joint. Cartilage allows bones to glide smoothly across each other during movement, and acts as a shock absorber for the joints. Cartilage can undergo degradation due to various reasons including aging that can cause difficultly with mobility in many adults.

Cartilage damage is the main cause of many degenerative joint diseases including osteoarthritis, degenerative arthritis. However, is important to maintain healthy cartilage and joints for a physically active and agile life.

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